Soil Erosion

Windbreaks & Shelterbelts

Field windbreaks are linear plantings of trees/shrubs designed to reduce wind speed in open fields, preventing soil erosion and protecting properties from wind damage. Windbreaks are typically planted in multiple rows perpendicular to prevailing winds. On the downwind side of a well-established windbreak, wind is generally slowed for a distance of 10 times the height of the trees. Old windbreaks may need renovation to function properly, including removal and replacement of selected trees/shrubs.

 

shelterbelt 2Shelterbelts are windbreaks designed to protect households and animals from wind and blowing snow. They can also be used to protect wildlife wintering areas. One or more rows of trees/shrubs are planted around the north and west sides of the area to be protected, surrounding it partly (often in an L-shape) or more completely, like a squarish belt. Shelterbelts protect households and animals from blowing wind and also save energy.

 

Living snow fences, a type of windbreak, are trees/shrubs planted strategically along roads to trap snow and keep it from blowing and drifting on roads or driveways. Old living snow fences may need renovation, including removal and replacement of selected trees/shrubs, to continue working properly.

 

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